Caught Between Tweedledum and Tweedledee

by Col R Hariharan (retd)

Tweedledum and Tweedledee
Agreed to have a battle!
For Tweedledum said Tweedledee
Had spoiled his nice new rattle.

Just then flew down a monstrous crow,
As black as a tar-barrel!
Which frightened both the heroes so,
They quite forgot their quarrel.’ – Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass

Sri Lanka is all set to implement the 13th Amendment of the Constitution in full as recommended by the All Party Representative Committee (APRC) “as a prelude to the APRC proposals.” This is what the APRC has recommended to President Rajapaksa in its interim proposal (given in appendix below). And the President wanted it to do so and it has done it. Driving the devolution ghost is as simple as that, it seems.

And the suggestion to implement to fully implement the 13th Amendment, that is celebrating its twentieth birthday, comes after the APRC had 63 sittings over a period of one and a half years! The action of the APRC reminds me of the Tamil proverb “Malayai kalli eliyai pidithan” (dug up the mountain to catch a mouse).

Had this action been taken in 1987-88 by the crafty Sri Lankan President JR Jayawardane who introduced the 13th amendmen, the country would have avoided bloodshed, acrimony and conflict that has dogged it for two decades. This was not done. So the price the nation has paid at the altar of political expedience, ethnic fanaticism, and religious and language frenzy is colossal. It can never be calculated in actual terms. Roughly it involved sacrificing the lives of over 80,000 people from Sri Lanka and India, displacement and dissipation of orderly lives of more than a million people, and destruction of billions of rupees of national wealth and private property or his.And the tragedy continues like serial killing.

But caught between the Tweedledum and Tweedledee of Sri Lanka politics national vision is yet to emerge as seen from the signatories of the APRC interim recommendations. The United National Party (UNP), and the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) – two of the three political parties that matter in resolving any complex national issue are absent among them, just as the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) – the conglomerate of erstwhile Tamil political foes of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) now toeing its line – which was never invited.

At least the JVP had been consistent in its opposition to the whole effort of the APRC. Both the UNP which was instrumental in pushing through the 13th amendment and the SLFP which had opposed it, had occupied the Temple Trees in the last two decades of war, mayhem and peace. But they did not care to implement it in full during their rule. So there are sufficient grounds for Tamils to ask the question “are the mainstream political parties of Sri Lanka genuine when they talk of devolution of powers to minorities?”

It is equally strange that President Rajapaksa now requires the APRC recommendation to take action on what is already in the statute books of the government. One cannot but agree with the views of Western Peoples Front (WPF) one of the smaller parties, on the whole charade of trying to delay devolution of powers using the APRC as an instrument to do the dirty deed. Questioning the need to reintroduce an already active legislative instrument, the press release, the WPF said: “13th amendment is already law. What is pending is the implementation of the same. Failure to implement what is already law is the sole business of the government. The All Party Conference and the APRC were formed to discuss and develop a set of new constitutional proposals addressing what is referred as the ethnic problem or the Tamil problem.”

However we cannot find fault with Tissa Vithrana, the chairman of the APRC, for this imbroglio because the good man is trying to shore up some positive action towards devolution as the APRC appears to be having an eternal dialogue rooted in rigid and frozen beliefs on what is good for Sri Lanka rather than what will save the country from further collapse, death and destruction. The sad thing is that the nation had not been able to use the services of a person of Vitharana’s calibre to work out a meaningful solution speedily. Pragmatism rather than political expediency or backroom deals is the need of the hour if Sri Lanka wants to have permanent peace. It has no other choice.

Sri Lanka appears to have gone into a time warp since 2005 as the President is setting the clock back on a whole lot of contentious issues that had settled on median of possible resolution. First he denounced the federal format agreed for resolving the conflict with the LTTE. Then he froze the peace process instead of resuscitating it with military offensives, and denounced the Norwegian mediation. He hastily broke up the united north eastern province created following the India-Sri Lanka agreement 1987 to meet one of the key demands of Tamils. And he heralded the New Year with a walk out of the ceasefire agreement to hammer the last nail on the coffin of the peace process 2002. So it is only logical to conclude that the President is buying time to delay the “final” devolution package, hopefully till the end of the year when he expects the security forces to “erase” the LTTE. Then he will be able to negotiate from a position of military and political superiority to make Tamils to accept his solution..

Unfortunately, the political situation in India leaves it no choice but to accept the face saving action on 13th Amendment that is coming 20 years too late. The acceptance of the APRC’s recommendations will enable India also to buy time politically before radically taking a re-look at the Sri Lanka policy more positively. By then India’s power structure and priorities might alter and India will also perhaps join this game of ‘back to the past’ rather than look to the future. Let us hope not.

Tamils of all hues must also share the blame for leaving it to a military machine like the LTTE to decide the fate of all Tamils. It has always put its own interests before considering what is good for the largest number of people. Now weakened politically and militarily, it is doubtful whether the LTTE, extant or extinct, can ever deliver devolution of power to the people. It has not been able devolve powers to its own flock all these years.

Instead of breast beating and despairing with cries of ‘I told you so’, it is the responsibility of Tamil politicians including those of the TNA to ensure that they unite to see the President fully implements the 13th Amendment in letter and spirit. If they can do that the Tamil struggle for democratic rights would be genuine and not by silently watching the bombing buses of carrying women and children or condoning suicide attacks. The time for silence is over. They should make the full implementation of the 13th Amendment a beginning of national reconciliation and path to full devolution of powers.

Lastly, President Rajapaksa has an excellent opportunity now to implement the 13th Amendment not only to please India or any political lobby, or buy time to find the “final solution” to the LTTE, but to achieve his lofty aim of building a united Sri Lanka, practically from the ashes. But will he do it? Only he can answer.

In this context the lines of Bob Dylan’s modern version of ‘Tweedledee and Tweedledum’ come to my mind. It goes like this:

Tweedle-dee Dee is a lowdown, sorry old man
Tweedle-dee Dum, he’ll stab you where you stand
“I’ve had too much of your company,”
Says, Tweedle-dee Dum to Tweedle-dee Dee.

That would be a human tragedy of immense proportions.

(Col R Hariharan, a retired Military Intelligence specialist on South Asia, served with the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka as Head of Intelligence. He is associated with the Chennai Centre for China Studies. E-Mail:




1. Introduction

1.1 The APRC was mandated by the President to prepare a set of proposals that would be the basis for a solution to the national question. After 63 sittings over a period of 1½ years the consensus document is being finalised and it should be possible to hand it over to the President in the very near future. The outcome would be a basis for appropriate constitutional arrangements. Implementation of this would of course require amendment of the present Constitution, and in respect of some Articles, approval by the People at a referendum. This would of course take time, once a favourable climate is established.

1.2 Under the circumstances, the APRC taking into consideration its own proposals has identified a course of action to achieve maximum and effective devolution of powers to the provinces in the short term. The emphasis would be on meeting the aspirations of the Tamil speaking peoples, especially in the North and East. This would be done within the framework of the present Constitution, that is, the 1978 Constitution. The course of action proposed by the APRC would be implementable with immediate effect, and envisages an interim arrangement pending the restoration of democratically elected Provincial Councils in the North and East.

1.3 The 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution was enacted following the Indo Sri Lanka Agreement of July 1987. It resulted in the setting up of Provincial Councils throughout Sri Lanka and it devolved power to the Provinces under the unitary Constitution. The powers devolved fall under a Provincial List and a Concurrent List. All other powers were reserved for the Centre through a Reserved List. Further, any subject or function not included in any of the three Lists will also be deemed to be a subject or function in the Reserved List.

1.4 Implementation of subjects and functions devolved on the Provinces through the Concurrent List has not taken place at all due to the fact most of these subjects and functions were retained by the Centre as if they also belonged to the Reserved List.

2. Steps necessary to permit Maximum Devolution of Powers to Provinces under the 13th Amendment

2.1 The Government should endeavour to implement the 13th Amendment to the Constitution in respect of legislative, executive and administrative powers, overcoming existing shortcomings.

2.2 Adequate funds should be provided by the Government to facilitate effective functioning of the Provincial Councils.

2.2.1 The Centre should hereinafter route all finances in respect of special projects undertaken by the Centre in the Provinces, if they are on subjects under the purview of the Provinces, through the respective Provincial Administrations.

3. Special Arrangements necessary to permit Maximum Devolution of Powers to the Northern and Eastern Provinces under the 13th Amendment

3.1 The APRC is of the view that conditions in the Eastern Province are conducive to holding elections to the Provincial Council and that elections should be held immediately.

3.2 Conditions in the Northern Province are far from being peaceful. A free and fair election in the North will not be possible in the near future. Hence an alternative arrangement is required in the Northern Province to enable the people of that Province to enjoy the fruits of devolution.

3.3 As it is not possible to hold elections in the North, the President could make appropriate order to establish an Interim Council for the Northern Province in terms of the Constitution.

3.4 The Interim Council of a Province will aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his executive powers, and will function until Provincial Council elections are held in that Province.

3.4.1 The Interim Council should reflect the ethnic character of that Province.

3.4.2 It is proposed that the Interim Council for a Province should consist of individuals who have political experience and an abiding interest in the development of the Province and in its people and be acceptable to the people of the Province. A person to qualify for appointment as a member of an Interim Council should have a thorough knowledge of the particular Province.

4. Implementation of the Official Languages Provision of the Constitution

4.1 The Government should take immediate steps to ensure that Parliament enacts laws to provide for the full implementation of Chapter IV of the Constitution on Language.

4.2 There are many contexts in which remedial measures will assume an administrative, rather than a legislative, character.

The following are instances of measures which should be strenuously accelerated and implemented by the Government.

(a) recruitment of Tamil speaking police officers in sufficient numbers to enable Tamil speaking members of the public, not only in the North and East, but in the country as a whole, to transact business in their own language in police stations;

(b) the taking of all steps, including recruitment of staff and procurement of equipment to enable Tamil speaking members of the public to deal with Ministries, Government Departments, statutory corporations and all other public bodies in their own language;

(c) the regular holding of, and streamlining of procedures for, mobile “clinics” where officials fluent in the Tamil language will engage problem solving on the spot;

(d) the provision of interpreters, translators and other relevant facilities in all courts of law, so that the needs of members of provincial minority communities are catered fully with regard to all aspects of the administration of justice;

(e) The Sinhala minorities in the North and East suffer from disadvantages similar to those affecting Tamil speaking peoples as mentioned above. Suitable steps should be taken to address them along the same lines.

The All Party Representative Committee (APRC) comprised:

1. Sri Lanka Freedom Party
2. United National Party (D)
3. Jathika Hela Urumaya
4. Ceylon Workers Congress
5. Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
6. All Ceylon Muslim Congress
7. Mahajana Eksath Peramuna
8. National Unity Alliance
9. Up-country People’s Front
10. Communist Party of Sri Lanka
11. Eelam People’s Democratic Party
12. National Congress
13. Western People’s Front
14. Lanka Sama Samaja Party


  1. Ratna said,

    January 27, 2008 @ 9:54 am

    You’re wrong Mr.Hariharan. No other Tamil leaders can do anything, other than accept what is given.
    All our past leaders (from GG, SJV, Amir) tried and nothing happened. Today, even people like Devananda and Anandasangaree has no choice but to accept this as a ‘interim’ solution. Because they are all in a virtual prison.
    India made a big mistake when it went back on it’s policy from Indira Gandhi’s policy to Rajiv’s policy.
    Today, Tamils have no choice but to follow LTTE’s policy of continuing the armed struggle until Lanka collapses like some african nations.

  2. Dayan said,

    January 27, 2008 @ 12:06 pm

    Unfortunately, the learned colonel is under the impression in his words “Sri Lanka is all set to implement the 13th Amendment of the Constitution in full as recommended by the All Party Representative Committee (APRC) ‘as a prelude to the APRC proposals.”

    This is not so. Pseudo implementation of Northern provincial council (East is already separated from 13th amendment ‘entity’ via Supreme Court Ruling) and already constituent parities of the government (JVP & JHU) opposing implementation of even this meagre devolution to North will make sure that none of this will be really implemented.

    This futile APRC exercise is nothing more than another episode in the charade that started in 1984 with JRJ convening first APC.

    Alas, another eyewash…to the gullible.

  3. 2ndClassTamil said,

    January 27, 2008 @ 10:17 pm

    on the whole charade of trying to delay devolution of powers using the APRC as an instrument to do the dirty deed says the Col concuring with me (Jan 5) that the APRC will serve as a new totem pole for the sinister machinations of the state. Today I will say that the APRC is dead. The mother is dead with its stillborn child! It will be a waste of time in future to mention APRC. Anyone who does would be an ignoramus.

    It was only a couple of days ago, jointly, the Indian and British PMs wanted to see a ‘credible devolution package’. When the package was opened, nothing credible was found (as was the case 20 years ago), and certainly there was no devolution. In essense it was an empty package – a coffin with a missing mummy! And Mnmohan Singh hails it as a ‘a welcome first step’ no sooner it is opened. Poor Gordon Brown is still pondering what to say, being let down by Mr Singh! So that’s Indian style U-turns – pretty easy in a country, which doesn’t have many motorways. Is it not interesting that the Col avoids this matter?

    It appears to me that India has extracted some concessions from the US in administering the security/political issues in the Indian ocean. The US-Indian co-operation in recent times especially the nuclear deal may have required US to become dormant in the Indian ocean to allay Russian and Chinese fears as perceived by India. A manifestation of this may be the outward unfriendliness of the US towards GoSL by way of the arms embargo on SL but not the surveillance of the sea-lanes etc. No one should underestimate the strategic importance of SL in the US, China, Russia, India power game in the ocean.

    So how can SL be made to tag India’s line in matters important to India? By co-operating mostly, by threatening if necessary or by destabilising – all within the power of India – with no one willing to help SL other than India!

    Tamils are a useful side issue in this context and really don’t figure in this equation except for the Tamil Nadu factor. India’s power structure and priorities might alter and India will also perhaps join this game of ‘back to the past’ say the Col. I say it is back to the past.

    Then the Col says Tamils of all hues must also share the blame for leaving it to a military machine like the LTTE to decide the fate of all Tamils. .it is doubtful whether the LTTE, extant or extinct, can ever deliver devolution of power to the people.

    Doubtful maybe! But other approaches failed too has to be acknowledged. The Southern political culture would not allow for a political solution should have been clear to the Col by now! There, an upheaval is required. Tamils know militancy, a risky and destructive one for them, is the only resort, with or without friends-‘to get something out’ – as MR would say. So far LTTE have not let down the hopes of a majority of Tamils. It is too early to be judgmental – unless one has an agenda.

  4. Devinda Fernando said,

    January 27, 2008 @ 10:46 pm

    Finally a Unitary country with a government embarking on implementing Equality for all… No more of this Tamil Only Racist homeland. Its Time Tamil Politicians Embrace the future, and that future is Multiculturalism and multi ethnicity within one country.

  5. Raj said,

    January 28, 2008 @ 12:06 am

    Col, please don’t blame all Tamil’s for sitting back and silently condoning suicide bombings, how many have tried to make difference constructively and been snuffed out by the tigers in their thirty year purge of terror.

  6. dias said,

    January 28, 2008 @ 12:17 am

    A Reagan fan, as late President Reagan said, “Keep the government off the faces of the people”. The fact is all governments are ineffectual and corrupt governments are even more inefficient.

    If you analyze the track record of Sri Lanka, there is not a single govt. run organization that is efficient. Every one of them is corrupt, inefficient and broke. Call it 13+++ Amendment it will never work – simply because it will never be run properly, Other provinces in which it has been implemented is a disaster.

    Consider other examples. Sri Lanka telephone compny’s relationship was abandoned by the Japanese as they could not deal with the Lankan bureacrats. So is the case with Sri Lankan Airlines and Emirates Air, the latter dumping the government contract because the Lankan officials are impossible. These are just two stories of many partnerships with GoSL – a very poor partner in business. Another is the govt controlled Mihin air – a daily money loser.

    As ex-US-Ambassdor Jeff Lungstad said, what Sri Lanka needs is a total make-over – of all its systems. And of course that would take revolutionary and progressive leadership – a leadership that the country simply does not have at the moment and may take several generations. The reality is, for all segments of society that are marginalized, Tamils, Muslims, and the very large segment of economically marginalized Sinhalese, life will continue to be very difficult.

  7. harshana somapriya said,

    January 28, 2008 @ 1:16 am

    Unfortunately those who oppose this solution does not propose any practical alternatives.
    TNA will never accept anything otherthan seperation as they have no voice independant of LTTE.
    UNP will not accept anything proposed by this government fearing that the credit will go to the government. One should not forget how Chandrika’s far reaching devolution package was rejected by UNP.
    If the Tamils are practical enough & serious about finding a peacefull solution they should start with what is offered and get the maximum use of it.
    Then with experience they can ask for anything additional required to carryout their obligations to local communities.
    One must not forget that to implement the 13th amendment it was required that LTTE should laydown it’s weapons. So without that happening it is a great commitment from the part of the govt. to establist this one sidedly.
    The LTTE & it’s allies know that far reaching devolution proposal at this moment will create opposition from some minor parties in south & create chaos in south. This is what LTTE requires.
    Mr. Hariharan is spot on when he says that if the pro-LTTE tamil parties strugle for Tamil rights is genuine they must help govt. to implement 13th amendment.
    Otherwise the suspicision in south will be cemented that these parties does not stand for Tamil rights and just want Ealam.
    It is the govt. duty to convince that their war is only to defeat LTTE’s facist terrorism & the legitimate grievences of Tamils will be addressed seperately.
    In the same way it is the duty of the Tamil politicians to convince the south that their labour is to get the Tamil problems addressed and not to create a facist state of Ealam.
    For those who genuinely want to see an end to this tragedy in Sri Lanka, this is a great practical move and a big hope. ( Keep in mind that this offer is coming out from the socalled Sinhala ‘chauvnist’ regime)

  8. dingiri said,

    January 28, 2008 @ 8:48 am

    In 1815 in response to the ravages of a mad tyrant of a king the Sinhalese chose to hand over their country to the British, chosing economic exploitation by the British obove despotic misrule by their own king.

    How likely is this to happen again? What if under a different leadership India annexes the North on humanitarian grounds and merges it with Tamil Nadu? Afterall, they can down all the SLAF planes and sink all the SLN ships in a day if they wished to. How would the Sinhalese and Tamils react? Would the Sri Lankan government risk all by resisting? Would the LTTE resist? Or would both the SLA and LTTE welcome it? The longer this conflict drags on the greater the chance of this becoming a reality.

    It would be the final “check mate” for both Sinhalese and Tamil militarists and may not be a bad resolution to the whole affair after all. Tamils will be ruled by Tamils. The Sinhalese will have the security of a “friendly” neighbour in the north. Plus we wont have the economic exploitation that followed the take over of the Kandian Kingdom. Indian protectorates like Sikkim enjoy vastly advantageous terms in their transactions with the central government.

    How will the JVP and the JHU react? They will shout their heads off no doubt. The JVP may even attempt to launch a third insurrection to seize power after vilifying the incumbent govt as “traitors”. However they have to first be able to accuse the govt of complicity in the Indian take over. What if the government just makes noises to show its opposition to the take over but does nothing militarily except just guard the new “border”?

    What will the International community do? Hardly anything I think. The SLG has ignored all their exhortations and even demonised them as terrorist supporters. So why would they care? Its far more important for the rest of the world to have good relations with India.

  9. selva said,

    January 28, 2008 @ 11:47 pm

    Even though Mahinda has cheated everybody, even the honestly thinking Sinhalese India is still patting him because he has put them in that situation. How can they say no or not enough when it had been accepted by India in the Indo-Sri Lanka pact. Nobody can challenge with the cleverness of the Mahinda regime. When Rajiv Gandhi signed this pact he promised the Tamils that the power would be devolved to the North- East as it is in India. If LTTE would have handed over all his weapons and disolved his movement definitely we would have got everything. We don’t even have to ask the government to give. If they want to send the Indian Army back they will have to give it by themself. According to the pact LTTE has to surrender all its arms and ammunitions. LTTE was only formaly surrendering only the damaged ones and keeping the rest with them because Pirabakaran was already thinking of finding a reason to start the war again. What is important to him is not the right of the Tamils but it should be said that it was won by him. Because of just one person we have lost that golden oppotunity.

  10. Thamilan said,

    January 29, 2008 @ 5:01 pm

    Comment # 7,

    There is no need for LTTE and the Tamil parties to accept what ever is given by Colombo. The occupation by the Army and the authority being implemented by the government are illegal as per the election of 1976 by the TULF in which they won the mandate to create Tamil Elam within or outside of Sri Lanka (this mandate was pretty much handed over to the Tamil militants when the Tamil political parties failed in peaceful ways of achieving it or should I say that the Sinhalese south refuse to accept it and decided to enforce illegal authority over the North and East). Also take into note that the constitution was drafted without the consent of the Tamil Parties or their participation by President JRJ. After the 2007 Maveerar Nal speech people should realize the LTTE does not care what the Sinhalese have to give (as stated in the speech, earlier speeches and other speeches that “nothing meaningful can be expected from the south”), all LTTE wants is the legal rights of Tamil people and the legitimacy of the traditional homeland of the Tamils of the Island to be recognized by the International community. In response to that the International community has given a choice to the Sinhalese; either to devolve maximum power or face the consequence.

    Why should we accept the 13 amendment from another institution which does not represent the Tamils or answers the demand of the Tamils, especially when they have illegal authority and occupying a land where the people never gave their mandate?

    Comment # 8,

    Annexing of the North and East by India (under Tamil Nadu) is the real reality if LTTE looses and Sri Lanka fails to devolve power. Tamils would be more then happy to accept the authority of the Tamil Nadu state government then accept the authority of a government which failed to protect them and made a mockery of their cry for equal rights. Just remember that LTTE is the only power among the Tamil community of the Island that is not pro-India.

    If the annexing does take place, Sri Lanka will not have a friendly neighbor but a neighbor who will be looking for ways to destroy it as Tamil Nadu will influence the southern foreign policy of India which will not be in favor of Sri Lanka.

    Such move could prompt Sri Lanka to move toward the opposition to India which will provoke India to retaliate leaving the Sinhalese nation going backward.

    Look at the isolation of Cuba by the USA when Cuba sided with foreign power unfriendly to the USA.

    Even today, LTTE can turnaround and tell India to annex it under the Indian Union or Tamil Nadu and leave the Sinhalese to drawn in their own mess. Even the Tamils who don’t support LTTE will welcome this idea with open arms.

    Comment # 9,

    First of all India failed to enforce what they said they will after signing the accord. The failure to enforce what was signed was took up by Thileepan of LTTE as demand to end his fasting; which turned out to be fruitless (he took up fasting to say that what was signed were not in reality, he did not take fasting against India or what was signed). When Thileepan died it made the LTTE and Tamils realize that India was not the power who could guarantee the safety and further protection from the agitated south. RAW was arming other groups as they were trying to dismantle LTTE was another problem. And the appendixes to the accord (the letters between Rajiv Ghandi and JRJ) had nothing to do with bringing a meaningful solution instead they were to enforce the interest of India over the Island. The Indo-Lanka accord (with the appendixes) was not a golden opportunity; it was the annexing of the entire Island to the dictation of the Indian foreign policy and security which was fiercely resisted by the JVP and LTTE.

  11. harshana somapriya said,

    January 30, 2008 @ 1:24 am

    #Comment 10
    If & when a certain minority wants independance, the centre should allow them to secede, then you will not have an India today. Similar issues exist in so many other countries. Even Tamilnadu wanted independence but later settled for something less than even a full federal model. Obviously there is less chance to create a seperate state in Ealam than in Tamilnadu for the following reasons among many;
    1. Unlike in India, a great percentage of Tamil speaking people live outside North-East. So there is no possibility of creating ethnicity based states in Sri Lanka.
    2. Majority of Tamil speakers are not demanding a seperate state. (which include Muslims, Upcountry Tamils & silent majority of Sri Lankan Tamils)
    3. Except for the Northern province, other areas claimed for Ealam doesnot have a Sri Lankan Tamil Majority & those areas have never been part of a Tamil kingdom.
    4. Incase of seperation, there will be a huge refugee crisis (3 million +).
    5. After seperation war will continue for disputed regions.
    6. Since all water sources start from south there will be a war for resources like water.
    7. Last but not least we will fight till the last soul for the sovereignty of our country.

    So if you do not want to negotiate we are also ready to fight on even for another 100 years.
    I think when India & US say that they want Sri Lanka find a political solution within a united country, they mean it! India also says she has zero tolerance on Terrorism.

    #Comment 8
    India have enough problems and she don’t want to have another Kashmir in South. As a responsible world power India will never intrude Sri Lanka like they have done in late 80’s.
    When you bost about India’s military might you forget how a non state actor like LTTE defeated them in 1987. So if India to attack SL, it will never be easy. Surely China & Pakistan will come to our help (even if US, EU, UN do not care) it will be the last war of India. This is just hallucination in 21st century! Inreality India is our best friend & she understand our war than anyone else. Tiger agents cannot throw money & distort facts in India, like they do in the west. That’s why India didn’t actively involve in the Norway brokered peace process between LTTE & GOSL. India knew that LTTE was not genuinely interested in a peaceful solution.
    So Dingiri, your comment is an absolute joke!

    Sri lanka will have peace only when LTTE & it’s supporters understand the reality & fully commit themselves for a long & difficult process of negotiations!

  12. Thamilan said,

    January 30, 2008 @ 3:49 pm

    Comment # 11,

    The 7 list that you have provided have no ground. Look at Canada when you say if minority wants to separate. You don’t even have enough knowledge to talk about the ethnic conflict that has ravaged in the Island and you definitely have no idea as to what happened in Tamil Nadu with India when Tamil Nadu was on the verge of separation.

    There are many reasons to boost about India’s military might, they are not the same as when LTTE defeated them and LTTE is not the same as they were when they took on the IPKF. Sri Lankan Armed Forces are also advanced but the economy that is required to operate is at the last level of depletion. India has a strong economy to support its military muscle and the LTTE have the endless resource from the Tamil Diaspora community.

    How is India getting involved in favor of annexing or recognizing Tamil Elam (either move would only strengthen the relationship with the Tamils) would create a Kashmir in the South? If India does not get involved to stop the racial policy of the Sinhalese and if the Tamils are suppressed by not devolving power then it will definitely turn Tamil Nadu into a Kashmir.

    Face it! The government has created such a deep division that the last Tamil on that Island would seek to be governed by someone else then the Sinhalese government.

    Sri Lanka is a fabricated nation, there was never a unitary nation and there won’t be one if the Sinhalese don’t do a radical reform toward federalism.

    You can fight to the last soul for the sovereignty of your country (from JVP, JHU and other Sinhalese group) after Tamil Elam separates. Right now, you are fighting to destroy the sovereignty of another country.

  13. harshana somapriya said,

    January 31, 2008 @ 2:12 am

    Comment 12
    LTTE may have an endless resource of Tamil Diaspora interms of economic strength, But they will not have an endless supply of caders. Now, they are ruuning out of combatants even after recruiting children.
    So it’s time for you to stop day dreaming & come back to SL to takeup arms aganst GOSL.
    How can you feel proud about a country build by forcibly recruited child soldiers? What a shame!

  14. Thamilan said,

    February 1, 2008 @ 10:09 am

    Comment # 13,

    Forcibly recruited? There are many youths who embraced LTTE because they saw LTTE as the only protection against your army and the Sinhalese racism. How proud were you when Sinhalese racism killed innocent Tamil civilians and destroyed everything they had?

    As long as you are proud of a country which is built on the suffering of the minorities there will be all ways a way to ruin Sri Lanka (I don’t thing it needs to be ruined even more, the wound is so big that that the bacteria have overtaken the immune system).

    You still don’t get it!! How long will it take Tamil Nadu to recreate Tamil Nationalism looking at the history of unequal treatment of Tamils and the Indian government refusal to protect their interest? If that happens, Tamils can outnumber the Sri Lankan Armed forces 1 to 4.

    Beside the money from Tamil Diaspora can be also used to lobby in the west and totally block any economic help from outside (which you definitely need). This war is long from over; if LTTE is defeated the Diaspora community will reveal a new level of challenge. Unfortunately, by the time you are done fighting LTTE (if that ever happens), you will be at the absolute mercy of anyone with money.

  15. Indian Tamil said,

    February 6, 2008 @ 6:44 pm

    May try all your options .But request do not try TN option.We may be too naive and innocent when comparing with our Srilankan tamils.But we are not all that wet behind the ears to trust your unequal treatment statement.
    We saw what happened to the accord which merged NE and provided Tamil a seperate status.From that a community should build and move on for the betterment of future generations well being.All our major politicos understand this farce tamil nationalism except Nedu,vaiko,thiruma,periyar DK.Please check their vote base and you will understand their capabilities.You have to read MK’s statement on this LTTE issue.
    Srilankan tamils always rejected peaceful solutions and India and TN is not party to it.Why disturb TN’s tranquility.It seems LTTErs are getting ready to meet Indian Army in their own turf.If this happens India’s suspicion and stand on srilankan tamil issue all along stands vindicated.

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